What Is Morton’s Neuroma? Its Symptoms And Diagnosis?

What Is Morton’s Neuroma? Its Symptoms And Diagnosis?

Morton’s neuroma refers to a painful condition that affects the area of your football, commonly the site present between your fourth toes. You may feel in this condition like you are standing on a fold in a sock or pebble in the shoe.

It involves the thickening of tissues around the area of nerves leading to the toes. It causes burning pain in foot. You may feel burning, stinging, or numbness in the affected areas of your toes. Tight or high heel shoes can induce the symptoms of Morton’s neuroma.

People who have this issue start using lower-heeled shoes that have wider toe boxes. Sometimes doctors recommend surgery and corticosteroid injections.

Symptoms

Typically, this condition has no symptoms, such as a lump. But you may experience some other common symptoms that are given below.

  • A feeling like you are standing on a specific pebble in the shoe
  • Numbness and tingling in the toes
  • A burning pain the area of football that radiates into the area of your toes

In addition, you may feel that rubbing the affected foot area and your shoe helps to relieve the pain. We advise you not to ignore the pain in your foot that lasts longer than four to five days. See the doctor if you have burning pain in the foot.

Causes

The symptoms of Morton’s neuroma appear in response to injury, irritation, and pressure to one of the nerves.

Risks

Following are the factors that contribute to the symptoms of Morton’s neuroma.

  • High Heels: Wearing high shoes or heels that are ill-fitting or tight can cause repetitive trauma to your feet. These shoes put extra pressure on the ball of your foot.
  • Certain Sports: Participating in high-impact athletic activities like running or jogging causes repetitive trauma to the feet. Sports that need tight shoes put pressure on your feet.
  • Foot Deformities: People with hammertoes, bunions, and high arches are vulnerable to developing Morton’s neuroma.

Diagnosis

The doctor presses the affected area of your foot to feel the tender or mass spot during the exam. You may feel a ‘click’ between your foot bones.

Imaging Tests

Some imaging tests help diagnose the condition of Morton’s neuroma

  • X-rays: The doctor will ask to perform the X-rays of the foot to examine the causes of pain like any stress fracture.
  • Ultrasound: It is used to create specific real-time images of the internal structure of your feet. Sound waves are used in this procedure. It is good to detect the abnormalities of soft tissue like neuromas.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): This procedure involves radio waves and a strong magnetic field. Doctors will visualize soft tissues in MRI. But this test is expensive. It is used to indicate neuromas in people who don’t have symptoms.

Treatment

Treatment is associated with the severity of symptoms. Doctors will recommend conservative approaches for the first time.

Therapy

Try to wear shoes that provide adequate room across the area of the football and toe. Arch supports or other foot pads fit inside the shoe and help you decrease the pressure on the nerve area. Doctors can recommend you a shoe insert that is individually designed.

Surgical And Certain Other Procedures

If conservative treatment is not proved helpful, your doctor will recommend you:

  • Injections: Some people receive injections of steroids into the affected area.
  • Decompression Surgery: Surgeons can cut the nearby structures to reduce the pressure on the nerve.
  • Nerve removal: Surgical removal of your foot’s growth is essential if other treatments are not helping to relieve the pain.

Home Remedies

Following tips will help you to relieve the pain in the affected area.

Anti-Inflammatory Medications

Anti-inflammatory medications can prove helpful to relieve the pain inside your foot. Examples of these medications are naproxen sodium and ibuprofen.

Ice Massage

Regular massage of ice can help you to reduce the intensity of pain. Freeze a water-filled paper cup. You can also freeze a plastic foam cup. Roll the ice over the site that is painful. Try this remedy four to five times a day.

Change Footwear

It is important to change the footwear if you are facing issues with tight shoes or high heels. Choose shoes that have a wide toe box. The shoes with extra depth are best for people who have the symptoms of Morton’s neuroma.

Take A Break

Reduce certain activities like dancing, aerobic exercise, and jogging for a few weeks. Performing these activities can disturb your feet’ affected area.