What are the most common reasons for Neurosurgery?

What are the most common reasons for Neurosurgery?

If you are in need of Neurosurgery it could be for a vast array of reasons, ranging in complexity and symptoms, a neurosurgeon may have ten cases, each come with complete individuality. But there a few diagnosis’ that are more common than others and are routine surgeries for Neurosurgeons.

 Let’s start with the most obvious, head injury. Injury to the head can be very serious as it can be very traumatic on your brain and whole nervous system. If you have suffered a head injury, chances are you are going to be referred straight to neurosurgery to eliminate the chances of missing something potentially life threatening. It is common for the brain to swell after experiencing trauma causing pressure against the skull, so being in the hands of a neurosurgeon is important so they can monitor symptoms such as swelling very closely. Even a concussion can cause swelling on the brain if not treated properly.

Another common reason for neurosurgery which is often linked to head injury, is pain management. Often, trauma to the face or head, commonly the aftermath of a stroke can result in long term pain which can be managed through neurosurgery if not treatable by other methods. Not only this but any pain in your body is signalled by your nerve receptors, so pain unrelated to physical trauma can also be long term, and likewise in this case, treated through neurosurgery. Things like a swollen blood vessel pressing on the trigeminal nerve is an example of a cause of pain not related to trauma and best way to manage it could be through surgery. 

Headaches are also a common reason for neurosurgery, depending on the severity and cause, the treatment may vary. When a headache is sever and recurring, it could be a common but serious cause like a ruptured aneurism or a bleed on the brain, if this is the case a neurosurgeon will operate to intervene. But another common headache that would involve a neurosurgeon is linked to epilepsy where there are other methods available such as deep brain stimulation. 

As neurosurgery relates to not only the brain but the nervous system and spine, other common neuro related problems that may result in surgery include degenerative spinal diseases, spinal tumours, vertebral fractures and even sciatica. So, don’t be hesitant to consult with a neurosurgeon if you have a medical issue that isn’t directly connected to the brain, remember that the nerves around your whole-body feed back to the brain. Although you might not think your problem is connected, it very well could be.

Neurosurgery is a worldwide medical profession that helps and often cures so many different medical cases. It is developing everyday as we learn more and more about the workings of the brain and the connecting nervous system. It’s important to remember that although there are a few more common reasons than others for neurosurgery, conditions can vary from tumours, to disease, to trauma and so much more.