What are Endometriosis and what are symptoms

What are Endometriosis and what are symptoms

Endometriosis is a painful disorder that occurs in women- a condition in which tissue grows outside of the uterus. Under normal conditions, the endometrium lines the uterus. But in endometriosis, the endometrium tissue grows outside of the uterus involving organs such as ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissues lining your pelvis.

The endometrium has a tendency to thicken, break down, and shed off. When it grows outside the uterus, it acts in the same way. Normally, the endometrium can get out of your body from the vagina. But when it grows outside of the uterus, it gets trapped. Therefore it can cause severe pain, especially during periods. It also causes fertility problems. However, they can be treated with medications. If you have a complaint of painful periods, you should visit a gynecologist in Lahore.

What are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?

The characteristic symptom of endometriosis is a pain in the pelvic region that increases with periods. Although, pelvic pain during periods is a common complaint in many women. But those having endometriosis, explain it as far much worse than normal period pain. Other common tsympoms of endometriosis are;

Dysmenorrhea- is also known as painful periods. It can begin before periods and may continue in the menstrual period. The pain can also cause back pain and abdominal pain.

Painful sex- endometriosis causes sex to become painful. It happens because if tissues growth occurs in your vagina, they are pushed back or irritated on the insertion of the penis.

Painful urination and bowel movements- endometriosis can cause painful urination and bowel movements, especially during periods.

Heavy bleeding- if you have endometriosis, you may bleed heavily during periods. Moreover, it can occur in between the menstrual cycle, with no period dates.

Infertility- endometriosis can make conception difficult. However, medicines can help treat the condition.

Other signs and symptoms of endometriosis are;


These symptoms may aggravate during the menstrual cycle and may lessen on other days.

What are the Causes of Endometriosis?

The causes of endometriosis can be;

Retrograde menstruation

It is a condition in which the menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back towards the fallopian tubes and the ovaries, instead of flowing forward towards the vagina. The endometrial cells can stick to the fallopian tubes and continue to grow over there, eventually causing endometriosis.

Cells transformation

In some cases, the cells of the peritoneum can convert into endometrium-like cells. Therefore endometriosis can occur in the pelvic region. In other cases, embryonic cell transformation can occur, leading to endometriosis.


After surgery of the female reproductive system, such as hysterectomy or cesarean section, the endometrial cells can attach to the surgical scar, causing endometriosis.

Immune disorders

A disorder of the immune system can cause an inability to recognize and destroy endometrial cells growing outside of other organs.

What are the Risk Factors for Endometriosis?

The risk factors for endometriosis are;

Never giving birth to a baby
Periods starting at an early age
Getting menopause at an old age
Having short menstrual cycles- less than 27 days
Periods that last longer with heavy bleeding
High levels of estrogen in your body
Mother or aunt having a history of endometriosis
Low body mass index
Various health conditions of the reproductive system

What are the Complications of Endometriosis?

Increased risk of ovarian cancer

What Tests Are Done to Diagnose Endometriosis?

For the diagnosis of endometriosis, your healthcare provider may ask to get the following tests done;

A pelvic exam
Magnetic resonance imaging- MRI


Endometriosis is a painful yet treatable condition. To treat it, your healthcare provider will prescribe you painkillers and hormonal therapy. If you have any signs and symptoms of endometriosis, you can visit a gynecologist.