Measles, also known as rubeola, is a disease characterized by rashes over the body, fever, cough, and runny nose.
Measles is a highly contagious disease that spreads quickly from person to person and is common in children. If you notice any signs and symptoms of measles in your child, you should consult a child specialist. You can visit a Child specialist in Lahore.
What Causes Measles?
Measles is caused by a virus called the measles virus. Initially, the virus gets into the respiratory tract. From here, it then enters the bloodstream and spreads to the different parts of the body.
How Does Measles Spread?
Measles is an airborne disease, which means it spreads from one person to another through respiratory droplets. When a person coughs or sneezes, the virus gets into the surrounding air along with their respiratory droplets. When someone close to the patient breathes in that air, the virus gets into the lungs, causing measles.
Risk Factors For Getting Measles
The factors which increase the chances of getting measles are:
Having an organ transplant
Taking anti-cancer drugs or corticosteroids
Traveling to areas where measles is common
Vitamin A deficiency
Symptoms Of Measles
The symptoms of measles develop after around 10 to 12 days of exposure to the virus. The symptoms of measles include:
Fever is one of the first symptoms of measles. It is moderate to a high grade in intensity and usually lasts for about 4 to 7 days.
The rash of measles is characteristic. It consists of both flat patches and raised bumps (maculopapular rash). The rash appears many days after the fever starts. First, it appears behind the ears, then spreads on the face and the neck in a few hours, and then to the whole body. The rash is itchy and appears red. It changes its color to brown before finally disappearing.
Spots in the mouth
In measles, white spots, known as koplik spots, appear inside the mouth, on the inner side of the cheeks. These spots are characteristic of measles but appear for a very brief period. Therefore. they may not be seen before they disappear.
Other signs and symptoms of measles include:
Inflammation of the eyes (Conjunctivitis)
Complications Of Measles
The complications of measles include:
Pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
Otitis Media (infection of the ear)
Meningitis (Inflammation of the layers surrounding the brain)
Corneal ulceration (Ulcer on the cornea- a layer over the iris)
Infection with other bacteria or viruses
Prevention Of Measles
Measles can be prevented by receiving a measles vaccine. It is usually administered as an MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, which offers immunity to mumps and rubella along with measles.
A vaccinated mother passes on the protective antibodies against measles to the baby. The first dose of the measles vaccine is administered at the age of 12 months, and the second dose at the age of 4 to 5 years.
In areas where measles is prevalent, measles vaccine can be given earlier than the usual age.
Measles is a disease common in children which can have serious complications. Fortunately, the disease can be prevented by a vaccine. It is important to get your child vaccinated against measles on time to prevent it.
If your child gets measles, it is important to consult a child specialist to get treatment and prevent complications. You can visit oladoc.com for more information.