Diabetic Foot: What You Need to Learn about Causes

Diabetic Foot: What You Need to Learn about Causes

People who have long-term high sugar levels should consult the doctor because they are at risk of developing some of serious health issues. I have seen many people who experienced uncontrolled diabetes issues that resulted in foot issues.

People often ask how diabetes can affect the feet. In this article, you will learn about the effects diabetes has on your feet and overall your body.

How Does Diabetes Affect Directly Your Feet?

Two conditions are caused by diabetes. Such diseases contribute to foot damage.

Peripheral Vascular Disease

The best diabetes doctor in Islamabad says that diabetes directly affects the blood flow in your body. When your body does not have a good blood flow, it slows down the healing process. For example, if you have a cut or an injury, the low blood flow will take it longer to heal your wound or an injury. 

Peripheral vascular disease is a condition that happens when you have poor blood flow in your legs and arms. The slow healing process because of the poor blood flow puts you at risk of developing death of tissues, which means ulcers, or gangrene.

Diabetic Neuropathy 

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause damage to your nerves. You may not feel any kind of heat, cold, and pain sensations due to damaged nerves in your feet and legs. Such a condition is known as diabetic neuropathy. Such a lack of sense can lead to serious infection. It also leads to the condition where the muscles of your foot cannot work properly.

Here are some foot problems that you may experience due to diabetes.

Foot Problems List – For Diabetics

There are some potential foot problems that you may experience if suffering from diabetes.

  • Calluses

It is a condition that happens due to the buildup of hard skin. You may experience this condition on the underside of the foot. It happens due to the imbalance distribution of the weight. 

People who wear unfitted shoes or have some kind of skin problem are at risk of developing such problems.

During such conditions, take care of your feet properly. You need to use a pumice stone to get rid of the built-up tissues. Diabetes specialists suggest using cushioned pads or placing insoles in your shoes.

Ask your doctor before you do some home remedies.

  • Athlete’s Foot:

It is known as a fungus-caused foot problem that comes with different symptoms, such as redness, cracking, and itching. Germs easily enter into such cracks and may result in an infection. Fungus-killing medications can also help in dealing with an athlete’s foot. If you do not want to eat pills, ask for creams to prevent fungus progress.

  • Fungal Nail Infection 

The signs of the fungal nail infection include discolored, thick, brittle, and may look different from the rest of the nails. Avoid keeping your nails moist as it can trigger the fungus to grow. You need to be careful when you have an injury as it can also lead to the fungus growing. Prescription medicines can reduce the chances of nail fungal infection chances.

  • Blisters

It is the condition that happens when you wear shoes that can rub the same spot repeatedly. You should wear socks to avoid them rubbing against your shoes. Blisters can also increase the risk of infections. Antibacterial creams help you to prevent infections in your blisters.

  • Bunions

This is the condition that occurs when your toe bends in the direction of your second toe. It makes the big toe joints red and increases the swelling. Bunions can affect both of your feet. High heels also put pressure on the big toe joint which leads to irritation.

  • Diabetic Ulcers

A diabetic ulcer is a skin break that can also become infected. Such conditions can be caused by minor scrapes. You should consult your doctor to make sure what type of treatment is best to treat diabetic ulcers.

Final Thought

People should maintain their blood sugar levels to avoid other potential health issues. Check your feet often as diabetes often affects them directly.